Shenyang Cemetery of Revolutionary Martyrs of the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea is located on the east of the Beiling Park, covering an area of 240,000 square meters. It was built in 1951 in memory of the soldiers who died in the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea. 122 martyrs were buried here, including Huang Jiguang, Qiu Shaoyun, Yang Gensi and Sun Zhanyuan.
The cemetery is a place of peace and serenity. Full of green pines and verdant cypresses, it has a solemn and awe-inspiring atmosphere. In the middle of the cemetery is an imposing 23-meter-high Heroes Monument with the words “Long Live the Martyrs of the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea” engraved on the front side of it. Flying on the top of the monument are the national flags of China and Korea, a reminder of the ever-soaring fighting spirit of the two peoples. Under the flags stands a bronze statue of a Volunteer Army Soldier who holds a submachine gun in a heroic manner. At the bottom of the monument is a wreath of bronze flowers with “1950” and “1951” on either side of it—the year the Voluntary Army landed in Korea for the war and the year America was forced to negotiate and sign a truce agreement in Panmunjom, telling people never to forget history and always to cherish peace. Right below the wreath, engraved on the same horizontal stele, is a forceful poem written by Guo Moruo singing the praise of the heroes’ eternity and speaking of the admiration that fills the heart of every visitor to the monument. On the back side of the monument is a 471-character elegiac address in praise of the heroes’ dauntless spirit. The eight huge bronze reliefs on the east and west stone walls depict in a vivid way the scenes of Volunteer Army Soldiers’ gallant and fierce fighting.
Behind the monument, lying in the pine woods, are the 122 martyrs’ tombs bearing familiar names such as Yang Gensi, Huang Jiguang and Qiu Shaoyun. The 122 souls buried here are representatives of the tens of thousands of Volunteer Army Soldiers who died in the Korean battle field and whose bravery and heroic deeds still shine today and will shine forever. On the southeast of the tomb area, one can see a 90-meter-long corridor showing pictures of people visiting the monument and paying respects to the martyrs, among which is a large scale picture taken when Choi Yong-kun, the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of North Korea, visited the cemetery on June 22nd of 1962 with a tomb-sweeping delegation accompanied by Zhou Enlai. On the southeast of the corridor is the memorial hall which housed 217 items including portraits of the martyrs and things they left behind.
In the atmosphere of solemnity and reverence, one easily recalls what happened not very long ago.
In 1950, the American Imperialism flagrantly launched a war of aggression against Korea which was instantly ablaze with flames of war that reached the Yalu River of China, seriously menacing the young republic. For the sake of the friendship between China and Korea and for the sake of the republic’s own safety, Chairman Mao resolutely called on people to “Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea to Defend Our Homes and Our Country”. A Volunteer Army of the finest Chinese sons and daughters marched across the Yalu River to fight shoulder to shoulder with Korean people. The war lasted two years and nine months during which China lost tens of thousands of her sons and daughters in the foreign land. Stories of their bravery and heroism have since been told far and wide, like how Huang Jiguang blocked the enemy’s gun portal with his chest to ensure a victory and how Qiu Shaoyun endured the agonizing pain in silence and was burned to ashes when the enemy was trying to use fire to locate them. Together, the Volunteer Army Soldiers made a grand symphony of heroism, patriotism and internationalism. It was more than befitting for the Northeast Military District to build this resting place for the martyrs.
Time has witnessed the ever-lasting friendship between China and Democratic People’s Republic of Korea; it has also witnessed people’s remembrance of these eternal souls. There are hundreds of thousands of visitors from home and abroad coming to this cemetery to pay respects to the martyrs every year. Commemorative activities are held each year during the Qingming Festival and on October 25, anniversary of the Volunteer Army’s March towards Korea. The cemetery has become an ideal place for patriotism education.