Shenyang is the capital fo Liaoning Province,and is the economic,cultural,transportation and commercial center of Northeastern China.The city covers an area of 13,000 km2 with a permanent population of 8,257,000.It administers nine districts,four counties(or county-level cities)and three national-level development zones.
Shenyang has many cultural heritages and is therefore given the title “the birthplace of one dynasty and the imperial capital during the reign of two emperors”.It has three world cultural heritages:The Imperial Palace,and The Fuling and Zhaoling Tombs of the Qing Dynasty,Xinle Archaeological Site,Xibe Family Temple,Four Pagodas and Seven Temples of the Ming and Qing Dynasties,Marshal Zhang Xueliang’s Mansion,and more than 1,500 historical and cultural heritages.Shenyang is one of the first famous historical and cultural cities in China.
Shenyang has many geographical advantages:It has well-developed transportation networks of high-speed railways,intercity railways and expressways,and the largest railway marshalling station and airport in Northeast China.Shenyang Economic Zone,consisting of Shenyang and other seven neighboring cities of Anshan,Fushun,Benxi,Yingkou,Liaoyang,Tieling and Fuxin,has abundant resources and complementary industries and is now a national pilot area of comprehensive coordinated reform of new industrialization.
With solid development foundation and complete range of industrial system,Shenyang is a famous industrial city featured in equipment manufacturing.It has many advantageous industries such as automobile and components manufacturing,modern architecture,further processing of agricultural products,chemistry,iron and steel and further processing of nonferrous metal,etc.It is one of national pilot areas of the integration of information technology and industry.Shenyang’s financial industry has developed rapidly.With 726 financial and financial services institutions in the city,it has become the financial center of Northeastern China.Shenyang is strong in scientific research and is rich in personnel resources.It has 44 universities and colleges and 28 national-level engineering technology research centers and key labs.
Shenyang actively participates in foreign exchange activities.It has built commercial relationship with 188 countries and regions.It has made cooperative friendship with 63 cities in 21 countries,and also has entered into twinning relationship with 18 cities in 13 countries.Shenyang has 59 inernational air routes,and 87 of the world’s top 500 companies,such as General Motors of USA,BMW of Germany and Michelin of France,etc,have established 152 enterprises in Shenyang.
Shenyang is one of national civilized cities,national environmental protection model cities,national forest cities,and national garden cities.It is also one of national pilot areas of comprehensive coordinated reform of new industrialization and national pilot areas of the integration of information technology and industry.It is now speeding up the process of constructing national central city,advanced base of equipment manufacturing and ecologically livable city.Shenyang is contributing to the cause of all-round rejuvenation of the old industrial bases in Northeast China.